María G. Navarro

Sherbrooke (Quebec)

In Experimental Epistemology on 20 January, 2013 at 1:20

María Vallina carbón sobre papel, 50×70

Gente amable y con ganas de pensar y aprender fue la que convocó el último encuentro de la Canadian Society for Espistemology (CSE) que tuvo lugar en Sherbrooke University (Quebec) en 2012. Fue muy interesante conversar con David Matheson, Drew Blackmoore, David Godden y James R. Beebe. Algunos de los comentarios y preguntas que me hicieron durante esos días me han hecho plantearme no sólo nuevas preguntas y respuestas sino, sobre todo, nuevas alternativas de pregunta-respuesta. En este resumen inicial se puede encontrar el guión de un artículo en el que aún estoy trabajando. Te invito a consultar el CSE program 2012.

What kind of mechanisms do folk epistemological capacities require, and what is the purpose and domain of folk epistemology? In order to answer this question we will establish a connection between folk epistemology and specific-domain reasoning. This will be used as theoretical framework to define differences and similarities between epistemic intuitions and epistemic theories.
To support and illustrate this point this paper will state that we owe the most rigorous and ambitious integration of folk espistemology and studies on reasoning to Adler and Rips’ book Reasoning (2008). In this work the editors establish a state-of-the-art in reasoning studies closely related to scientific contributions in the field of folk epistemology, but its theoretical potential and huge capacity to orient empirical research is still far from being completely explored. In our paper we will refer to some of the most relevant and recent pieces of research on the interactions of human reasoning and folk epistemology. Among these, the studies particularly worthy of note are those on reasoning and pragmatics (Adler 2008, Denis J. Milton, 1995), domain-specific, goal-based and evolutionary approaches (Jerry A. Fodor, 2000) (Dan Sperber and Vittorio Girotto, 2002) (Brian Skyrms 2004), and the relation between cross-cultural, biological and cognitive emotions in the field of studies on reasoning (Russell C. Burnett and Douglas L. Medin, 2008) (Ronald de Sousa, 2008).
Literature on folk epistemology usually accepts that people use epistemic intuitions and epistemic theories to assess the truth. We think, with Benoit Hardy-Vallée (2011), that debates arise when answers are sought to the question of the relationship between epistemic intuitions and epistemic theories.

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